Erectile dysfunction or impotence, is a common problem experienced by about 35 percent to 75 percent of men with diabetes. About 75 percent of men with diabetes will experience some degree of erectile dysfunction during their lifetime. Erectile dysfunction is the inability of a man to get an erection. This impotence, most often occurs in people with type 2 diabetes.
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Impotence can occur due to nerve and blood vessel damage caused by uncontrolled blood sugar levels for too long. Erectile dysfunction is also often associated with other common conditions often experienced by people with diabetes, such as high blood pressure and heart disease.
Smoking habits, being overweight, and rarely exercising also increase the risk of this condition. Impotence can occur earlier in men with diabetes, compared to those without. In fact, this condition can also be a sign that a man has diabetes.
Impotence due to diabetes is likely to occur between 10 and 15 years earlier. Men over the age of 70 years, about 95 percent experience erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction due to diabetes can be a real challenge for a man and his partner. Both of them could even feel frustrated because of this condition.
To find out whether diabetes causes men to experience erectile dysfunction, it is necessary to carry out an examination consisting of several methods.
First of all, men with diabetes should inform the degree and nature of erectile dysfunction. In addition, a physical examination is also carried out by observing the characteristics of the body. Laboratory tests can also be the key to diagnosing impotence.
There are several treatments that can be done to treat impotence, such as taking oral drugs, drugs that are injected into the head of the penis before sexual intercourse, using a vacuum, to penis implants.
This type of erectile dysfunction treatment will be adjusted by the doctor to the condition of people with diabetes. In addition to the use of drug treatment, impotence due to diabetes can also be overcome by changing a healthier lifestyle, such as:
1. Quit smoking
Tobacco can narrow blood vessels, causing or worsening erectile dysfunction. Smoking can also lower levels of the chemical nitric oxide, which serves to signal the body to allow blood flow to the penis.
2. Lose weight
Being overweight or obese can cause impotence. Therefore, try to lose weight and adjust to a normal weight.
Exercise can help with underlying conditions that play a role in erectile dysfunction in a number of ways, such as reducing stress, aiding weight loss, and increasing blood flow.
4. Reduce alcohol consumption
Excessive alcohol consumption can cause impotence. Healthy adults over the age of 65 should only drink one drink a day and two drinks a day for men under 65.