Different Types of Cancers
Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy the body tissue. Several factors result to the abnormal growth of cells which are of many types. Chemicals, viruses and radiation are some of the factors that result to cancer. The location of colon cancer is in the large intestine or rather the colon which is among the most common types of cancer. The cancer cells begin as small, benign clumps of cells known as adenomatous polyps before leading to cancer effect. The common signs and symptoms of colon cancer include; weakness or fatigue, unexplained weight loss, continuous abdominal discomfort, change in bowel habits that lasts more than four weeks. Its not known what exactly causes colon cancer.
A small number of people is associated to having colon cancer due to the increased chances of inherited gene mutation. Another risk factor that has been viewed as a cause is the typical western diet which entails of high fat and low fiber. Breast cancer is the other type of cancer that is widely recognized. The reason for this recognition is that there is a month set for it which is October. In order to have breast cancer the cancer cells are found in the tubes that carry milk from the glands to the nipple.
Apart from originating in the duct lines, it can also start in the cells of the lobules which are glands that make milk. There are various symptoms as to which breast cancer can be determined.
Breast cancer affects the nipple, the breast itself and the area around the breast. Pointing inward of the nipple is the changed experienced as a sign of breast cancer. Nausea, bone pain, weight loss, muscle weakness, jaundice, double vision, headache among others are some of the symptoms experienced in the latter stages of breast cancer. Despite being no clear origin of breast cancer there are factors that have been linked to it. As there is no defined source of breast cancer, factors such as lifestyle, environmental factors and hormonal only increase the chance of getting breast cancer.
Skin cancer is also a common type of cancer which is defined as a locally destructive malignant growth of the skin. The manifestation of skin cancer is whereby stemming of cells occurs that line up along the membrane where the superficial layer skin separates from the deeper layers. There are various risk factors that result to skin cancer such as ultraviolet light exposure, suppressed immune system and exposure to chemicals.
The use of tanning beds or being exposed to the sun for too long is classified as ultraviolet exposure while chemicals such as ionizing radiations, arsenic, lead among others, increase the risk of cancer. Shiny pink, red, pearly bumps, raised growth with a rough surface, open sores that won’t go away and white waxy area that is poorly outlined resembling a scar are some of the symptoms of skin cancer.